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Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Day 1 - The Opening (Surah Fatihah)

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FaQR Mar 26 2013 

Fajr Quran Reminder 

Presence: A.U.A.H.
Absence: no regrets  
Opening Dua 
 Innalhamda lillahee, nahmaduhu wa nasta'eenuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na'oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa wa min sayyiaati a'maalinaa. Mainyah dihillaahu falaa mudillilahu, wa mainyudlil falaa haadiya lah.  "Alhumdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His Help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from evils and our wrong doings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide."  (Ibn Mas'ud and Ibn 'Abbas in Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasai and others)  Wa ashhadu anlaa ilaaha illalaahu, wahdahu laashareeka lahu, wa ash hadu anna muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluh.  "I bear witness that there is no god except Allah- alone without any partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His 'abd (servant) and Messenger."  Allahumma salli 'alaa muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadin kamaa sallayta 'alaa aali ibraaheema innaka hameedumajeed. Allahumma baarik 'alaa muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadin kamaa baarakta 'alaa aali ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali ibraheema innaka hameedum majeed.  "O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibraheem and upon the followers of Ibraheem. Verily you are full of praise and majesty. O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibraheem and upon the family of Ibraheem. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty." ( Al-Bukhari with Al-Fath) 

Recitation of Surah Al Fatiha  

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Virtues and distinctiveness of Surah Al Fatiha
1.       Quran Begins with it
2.       Salah begins with it
3.       1st surah revealed in complete form
4.       Essence of Quran-the rest of Quran is elaboration of it
5.        
6.        

Various Names of this Surah
1.       Fatihatul Kitaab (opening of the Book)
2.       Umm al Quran (essence of Quran)
3.       Umm al kitab (essence of the book)
4.       Al Quran al Azeem (Glorious Quran)
5.       Al Hamd (the Praise)
6.       Surah Fatiha (The opening chapter)
7.       Al Kanz (The Treasure)
8.       Ashifa (the Healer)
9.       Noor (The Light)
10.   Dua (supplication)
11.   Munajaat (submission)
12.   Al kifaya (the sufficient)
Surah Fatiha defined for 2 reasons:
1.       Faith(imaan) and
2.        Virtuous deeds( al amal al salih)

Virtues of Bismillah:
1.       To eradicate the custom of Jahiliya (age of ignorance) the first verse was  “read in the name of your Rab”
2.       Famous commentator Al Suyuti says beside the Glorious Quran other divine books begin with bismillah; certain other scholars say Bismillahir Rehmanir Raheem is specific to Quran only therefore it can be said that the particular Bismillahir Rehmani Raheem is for the Holy Quran while other divine scripture begin in the name of God
3.       Nabi Al Mustafa Allah’s blessings be upon him used to recite BismikAllahumma but after this verse was revealed he adopted Bismillahir Rehmani Raheem
4.       Our Holy Quran again and again instructs to recite and begin with Bismillah , no work recives blessings of Allah unless it is begun in His name
5.       By beginning everything in Allah’s name, Islam has given to the whole of our life an orientation towards Allah, so we may renew our allegiance to Him
6.       Thus each word each act transform into worship
7.       How brief is the action which consumes neither time nor energy yet gain is immense
8.       A disbeliever eat and drinks just as Muslim does but in saying Bismillah as he begins to eat, the Muslim affirms that it was not in his power to obtain this morsel of food which has passed through innumerable stages from sowing of the seed to the reaping of the grain corn , and which has during this process required the labors of the wind, the rain, the sun, of the heavens and of the earth and of a thousand men and that is Allah alone who has granted
9.        




Surah fatiha the opening, ummul Kitaab, Alhumd, the praise, al kanz treasure, ushifa the healer ,noor light dooaa, munajaat submission, surah as salah prayer chapter ,al kifaya the sufficient 
Allah SWT calls it Saba Mathani most repeated 7 verses 
Fatiha opens the subject/book/anything (preface) to Quran 
Earliest revelation 1st complete revelation revealed in makkah 27 words and 140 alphabets 
Before this, only a few miscellaneous verses were revealed which form parts of `Alaq, Muzzammil, Muddaththir, etc. 
We are asking Allah for Guidance there are two diverted paths of Christians and Jews, we are asking for the striagth path, and then Allah SWT has blessed us and answered our dua that we pray 17X a day 5000x a year 
After this revelation Khadijatul Kubra Ali RA followed the Path to Islam 
Theme 
This Surah is in fact a prayer which Allah has taught to all those who want to make a study of His book. It has been placed at the very beginning of the book to teach this lesson to the reader: if you sincerely want to benefit from the Quran, you should offer this prayer to the Lord of the Universe. 
This preface is meant to create a strong desire in the heart of the reader to seek guidance from the Lord of the Universe, Who alone can grant it. Thus Al-Fatihah indirectly teaches that the best thing for a man is to pray for guidance to the straight path, to study the Quran with the mental attitude of a seeker- after-truth and to recognize the fact that the Lord of the Universe is the source of all knowledge. He should, therefore, begin the study of the Quran with a prayer to him for guidance. 
From this theme, it becomes clear that the real relation between Al-Fatihah and the Quran is not that of an introduction to a book but that of a prayer and its answer. Al-Fatihah is the prayer from the servant and the Quran is the answer from the Master to his prayer. The servant prays to Allah to show him guidance and the Master places the whole of the Quran before him in answer to his prayer, as if to say, "This is the Guidance you begged from Me." 
“The best-known chapter of the Quran is al-Fatihah ‘The Opening’. This sura is recited as part of all the mandatory daily prayers – the salat –and repeated within each prayer. A faithful Muslim who said all their prayers would recite this sura at least seventeen times a day, and over five thousand times a year. . . .  
This is a prayer asking Allah’s help to lead the believer along the ‘straight path’. As such it is true to the heart of Islam’s message of guidance. 
But who are those who are said to have earned Allah’s wrath, or gone astray from the straight path? Who are these people who deserve to be stigmatized in every Muslim’s prayers, each day, hundreds of thousands of times in many Muslims’ lifetimes? 
Ibn Kathir’s commentary explains the meaning of this verse as follows: 
These two paths are the paths of the Christians and Jews, a fact that the believer should beware of so that he avoids them. … the Jews abandoned practicing the religion, while the Christians lost the true knowledge. This is why ‘anger’ descended upon the Jews, while being described as ‘led astray’ is more appropriate of the Christians. … We should also mention that both the Christians and the Jews have earned the anger and are led astray, but the anger is one of the attributes more particular of the Jews. Allah said about the Jews, ‘Those (Jews) who incurred the curse of Allah and His wrath’ (Sura 5:60). The attribute that the Christians deserve most is that of being led astray, just as Allah said about them, ‘Who went astray before and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the right path’ (Sura 5:77). 
Ibn Kathir goes on to cite a hadith in which Muhammad clarified the meaning of this sura: Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Adi bin Hatim said, … he [Muhammad] said: ‘Those who have earned the anger are the Jews and those who are led astray are the Christians.’ 
The verse from Sura 5 which Ibn Kathir refers to concerning Jews is: 
Shall I tell you of a recompense with Allah, worse than that? Whomsoever Allah has cursed, and with whom He is wroth, and made some of them apes and swine, and worshippers of idols – they are worse situated, and have gone further astray from the right way. (Sura 5:60) 
And the verse concerning Christians: 
People of the Book, go not beyond the bounds in your religion, other than the truth, and follow not the caprices of a people who went astray before, and led astray many, and now again have gone astray from the right way. (Sura 5:77) 
It is remarkable that the daily prayers of every Muslim, part of the core of Islam, include a rejection of Christians and Jews as misguided and objects of Allah’s wrath.” 
To be genuine and effective, reconciliation between Muslims and those they refer to as 'People of the Book' (Jews and Christians), requires that Al-Fatihah and its meaning be discussed openly. That devout Muslims are daily declaring before Allah that Christians have gone astray and Jews are objects of divine wrath, must be considered a matter of central importance for interfaith relations. This is all the more so because the interpretation of verse 7 which relates it to Christians and Jews is soundly based upon the words of Muhammad himself. As Al-Fatihah is the daily worship of Muslims, and represents the very essence of Islam itself, the meaning of these words cannot be ignored or glossed over.[5] 

Closing Du'a  Subhaana rabbika rabbil'izzati 'ammaa yasifoon. Wasalaamul 'alal mursaleen. Walhamdu lillaahi rabbil 'aalameen.  "Glory be to your Lord, the Lord of Might above what they describe. And peace be upon those sent. And praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds." (Surah As-Saffat 37:180-182)  Subhanakallahumma wa bihamdika, ash hadu anlaa ilaaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik.  "How perfect You are O Allaah, and I praise You. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance"  (Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhee, Ibn Majah). 

JAzakillahu Khairan for attendance May Allah SWT add Baraka and grant us consistency and May We overcome any obstacles Ameen 
Start and End  6:05-6:27am

Kanzul Imaan English Translation 

For Tomorrow:- Uz will share the benefits of This Surah InshAllah Ta’ala 
InshAllah We will stick with time range. After we are done with Surah Al Fatiha We will InshAllah do One/Two verses in detail. 
Aslamo Alaikum  


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