Thursday, March 28, 2013

Day 3 - Surah Al Baqara Verses 1 & 2

FaQR Mar 28 2013-Fajr Quran Reminder

Presence: A.U.A.H
Absence: no regrets
Opening Dua & morning Dua
Dua to be recited in the morning

أَصْبَـحْـنا وَأَصْبَـحْ المُـلكُ للهِ رَبِّ العـالَمـين ، اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أسْـأَلُـكَ خَـيْرَ هـذا الـيَوْم ، فَـتْحَهُ ، وَنَصْـرَهُ ، وَنـورَهُ وَبَـرَكَتَـهُ ، وَهُـداهُ

، وَأَعـوذُ بِـكَ مِـنْ شَـرِّ ما فـيهِ وَشَـرِّ ما بَعْـدَه
The morning has come to me and the whole universe belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, O Allah, I ask of you the good of the day, it's success and aid and it's nur (celestial light) and barakaat (blessings) and seek hidayah (guidance) and seek refuge from the evil in it (this day) and from the evil of that which is to come later.

Innalhamda lillahee, nahmaduhu wa nasta'eenuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na'oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa wa min sayyiaati a'maalinaa. Mainyah dihillaahu falaa mudillilahu, wa mainyudlil falaa haadiya lah. 

"Alhumdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His Help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from evils and our wrong doings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide." 

(Ibn Mas'ud and Ibn 'Abbas in Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasai and others) 

Wa ashhadu anlaa ilaaha illalaahu, wahdahu laashareeka lahu, wa ash hadu anna muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluh.

"I bear witness that there is no god except Allah- alone without any partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His 'abd (servant) and Messenger."

Allahumma salli 'alaa muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadin kamaa sallayta 'alaa aali ibraaheema innaka hameedumajeed. Allahumma baarik 'alaa muhammadinwa 'alaa aali muhammadin kamaa baarakta 'alaa aali ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali ibraheema innaka hameedum majeed.

"O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibraheem and upon the followers of Ibraheem. Verily you are full of praise and majesty. O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibraheem and upon the family of Ibraheem. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty." ( Al-Bukhari with Al-Fath)

Makki,286 ayahs and 40 rukuz
Recitation of Surah Baqara

Sahih International
Alif, Lam, Meem.
Muhsin Khan
Alif-Lam-Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].
Alif. Lam. Mim.
Yusuf Ali
Alif Lam Mim.
Dr. Ghali
Alif, Lam, Mim. (These are the names of three letters from the Arabic alphabet, probably indicating that this inimitable Revelation, the Qur'an, is made of this Arabic alphabet. Only Allah Knows their meaning here).
Thalika alkitabu larayba feehi hudan lilmuttaqeen
Sahih International
This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah -
Muhsin Khan
This is the Book (the Quran), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)].
This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
Yusuf Ali
This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah;
This Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who guard (against evil).
Dr. Ghali
That is the Book, there is no suspicion about it, a guidance to the pious.

·         Name is  because of one story in the Surah it’s not title to indicate the subject verse 67-93

·         Many more Surahs of the Quran have been named in the same way because no comprehensive words exist in Arabic (in spite of its richness) to denote the wide scope of the subject discussed in them. As a matter of fact all human languages suffer from the same limitation.

·         In sequence its madni it follows the naturally makki surah al fatiha which ended “show us the straight way” , it begins with anser to that prayer “this is the book (that) is guidance…”

·         Mostly revealed in first 2 years of Nabi e Akram Muhammad SAWW but have inserted in this surah b/c content closely related

·         Smaller parts revealed in the later years of Nabi SAWW

·         Historically, in Makkah Quran generally addressed Mushrik Quraish, b/c of ignorance to Islam but in Al Madinah , the Jews aquainted with creed of the unity of Allah , prophethood, revelation, the hereafter, and angels, they also professed to abide by the law of Allah which was revealed to Prophet musa AH

·        , and in principle, their way was the same (Islam) that was being taught by Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him). But they had strayed away from it during the centuries of degeneration and had adopted many un-Islamic creeds, rites and customs of which there was no mention and for which there was no sanction in the Torah. Not only this : they had tampered with the Torah by inserting their own explanations and interpretations into its text. They had distorted even that part of the Word of God which had remained intact in their Scriptures and taken out of it the real spirit of true religion and were now clinging to a lifeless frame of rituals. Consequently their beliefs, their morals and their conduct had gone to the lowest depths of degeneration. The pity is that they were not only satisfied with their condition but loved to cling to it. Besides this, they had no intention or inclination to accept any kind of reform. So they became bitter enemies of those who came to teach them the Right Way and did their worst to defeat every such effort. Though they were originally Muslims, they had swerved from the real Islam and made innovations and alterations in it and had fallen victims to hair splitting and sectarianism. They had forgotten and forsaken Allah and begun to serve mammon. So much so that they had even given up their original name "Muslim" and adopted the name "Jew" instead, and made religion the sole monopoly of the children of Israel.

This was their religious condition when the Holy Prophet went to Al-Madinah and invited the Jews to the true religion. That is why more than one third of this Surah has been addressed to the children of Israel. A critical review of their history, their moral degeneration and their religious perversions has been made; side by side with this the high standard of morality and the fundamental principles of the pure religion have been put forward in order to bring out clearly the nature of the degeneration of the community of a prophet when it goes astray and to draw clear lines of demarcation between real piety and formalism, and the essentials and non-essentials of the true religion.

·        At Makkah Islam was mainly concerned with the propagation of its fundamental principles and the moral training of its followers. But after the migration of the Holy Prophet to Al-Madinah, where Muslims had come to settle from all over Arabia and where a tiny Islamic State had been set up with the help of the Ansar (local supporters), naturally the Quran had to turn its attention to the social, cultural, economic, political and legal problems as well. This accounts for the difference between the themes of the surahs revealed at Makkah and those at Al-Madinah. Accordingly about half of this Surah deals with those principles and regulations which are essential for the integration and solidarity of a community and for the solution of its problems.

Closing Du'a

Subhaana rabbika rabbil'izzati 'ammaa yasifoon. Wasalaamul 'alal mursaleen. Walhamdu lillaahi rabbil 'aalameen.

"Glory be to your Lord, the Lord of Might above what they describe. And peace be upon those sent. And praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds." (Surah As-Saffat 37:180-182) 

Subhanakallahumma wa bihamdika, ash hadu anlaa ilaaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik.

"How perfect You are O Allaah, and I praise You. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance" 

(Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhee, Ibn Majah).

JAzakillahu Khairan for attendance May Allah SWT add Baraka and grant us consistency and May We overcome any obstacles Ameen

Start and End  6:06-6:32
Kanzul Imaan English Translation

Practical implications:

When we love someone in our life, we really want to please them and keep them happy with us, so they can love us back too, Similarly but in a more Humbling and Servant sort of way, Allah SWT is our Creator He loves us like 70x more than our Mom so We should Love him too, as it is only benefit to us, He is Free from any need only We need Him SWT, and When we reach such a beautiful pious state of Imaan and Taqwa to Love , we would want to please him consequencely InshAllah Ta'ala May Allah SWT grant us to be of The Muttaqoon Ameen

For Tomorrow InshAllah
Recitation A. Jr.
Morning dua and opening dua  U
Muttaqun Definition H
Surah Baqarah A Sr.

Aslamo Alaikum

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